The term indication (lat. indicare = to indicate) refers to the reason for using a therapeutic or diagnostic measure that is used to treat a specific clinical picture. A clinical picture includes all typical features that occur in connection with a disease.
The development of the indication includes the treatment, prevention and diagnosis of a disease. The treatment with an orthosis is such a therapeutic measure. Based on the indication, the prescription of an orthosis therefore is a recommendation for the patient. For example, an indication could be as follows: Due to a stroke, there is a clinical picture involving paralysis (paresis) of the calf muscles (m. gastrocnemius). To regain safety during stance and gait, an orthosis is prescribed to compensate for the functional deviations.
Spinal paralysis, also called paraplegia, belongs to the spinal cord injuries, as well as spina bifida (myelomeningocele). In both cases, there is a mechanical injury to the spinal cord cross section.
A stroke is also called apoplexy, brain attack or cerebrovascular accident. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), around 15 million people worldwide suffer a stroke every year.
Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) is a hereditary disorder that mainly affects peripheral nerves and individual spinal cord segments.
Cerebral palsy (in short CP) is the collective term for posture and movement disorders resulting from an early childhood brain damage. Other terms are e.g. infantile cerebral palsy or infantile brain palsy.